Having already gone through several popular qubit modalities already, The Quantum Insider is now moving on to some of the companies whose money is bet on superconducting electronic circuits being the best way of developing a fully functional, fault-tolerant quantum computer.
The thirteen listed, giant corporations and startups alike, are led by some fascinating people with some even more fascinating approaches and technologies. Whatever the eventual outcome, the path in front of them is an exciting one that we hope our readers will join us to witness.
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- Rigetti’s Superconducting Quantum Computers Now Available Through Azure Quantum
One of the largest companies in the world founded by the second richest human on earth, Jeff Bezos, AWS — known to most people as Amazon — launched the AWS Center for Quantum Computing in 2019 with the goal of accelerating the development of quantum computing technologies and applications. Teams will focus on developing more powerful quantum computing hardware and identifying new applications for quantum technologies.
Late in 2021, AWS opened a new facility for quantum computing at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) with the ambitious goal of building a “fault-tolerant” quantum computer.
Via a fully managed quantum computing service designed to help speed up scientific research and software development for quantum computing called Amazon Bracket, AWS provides access to quantum annealing technology based on superconducting qubits from D-Wave, as well as access to quantum hardware based on the gate model from Rigetti Computing and CQC.
2. Google Quantum AI
A multinational that needs no introduction, Google Quantum AI’s quantum computing service provides chaperoned access to NISQ processors and its simulator for researchers who aim to advance the state-of-the-art in quantum computing and publicly share their results in algorithms, applications, tools, and processor characterizations.
Google offers a quantum computing service to scientists developing algorithms for noisy-intermediate-scale quantum processors like Sycamore. The goal is to advance NISQ state-of-the-art in new algorithms, tools, and characterizations that lead to useful applications. Approved projects will run programs on Sycamore via the company’s Quantum Engine API, and user feedback will improve the service.
Everything happens in Google’s quantum research lab located in Santa Barbara, California, where fleets of cryostats, dedicated workshops, and a superconducting qubit fab bring together engineers and researchers to implement and deliver NISQ-era processors with increasing quantum computational volumes — stepping stones to our error-corrected quantum computer.
Google was founded in 1996 by Larry Paige and Sergei Brin.
Another world-dominating multinational player, Intel’s contribution to the QC race using superconducting qubits consists of working to achieve quantum practicality, the transition of quantum technology from the lab to commercial quantum systems that solve real-world problems. With the help of industry and academic partners, Intel has made significant progress in realizing this vision.
Founded in Mountain View, California by Gordon Moore and Robert Noyce in 1968, Intel is now headquartered in Santa Clara, California.
4. Oxford Quantum Circuits (OQC)
The first and only UK-based company on the list, OQC was founded in 2017 by Ilana Wisby and Peter Leek and is building quantum computers utilizing superconducting circuits, to help its customers solve some of humanity’s most significant challenges, from climate change to new drug discoveries.
OQC has built the UK’s most advanced quantum computers, the only ones commercially available in the country. It has also launched the UK’s first Quantum Computing as-a-Service (QCaaS), bringing quantum to the enterprise, at the fingertips of our customers and partners.
5. Anyon Systems
A Canadian concern from Dorval, Quebec, Anyon Systems was founded in 2014 by Alireza Najafi-Yazdi. Its goal since then has been to revolutionize the world by introducing quantum computing platforms.
Anyon has developed unique technologies involving the full vertical hardware stack of a quantum computer by designing and manufacturing superconducting quantum processing units (QPUs), quantum control electronics as well as ultra-low temperature cryogenics systems which host QPUs.
Anyon Systems now delivers turn-key Near-term, Intermediate-Scale, Quantum (NISQ) computers to early adopters. These machines enable our clients to get started with their quantum R&D program, build eco-systems, and stay ahead of the competition.
Like Google and Intel, IBM is a giant of the tech world and a leading proponent of QC. IBM’s full-stack approach delivers the best of IBM’s quantum computing systems together with the most complete suite of quantum software tools and cloud services.
The Armonk, New York-based company’s 127-qubit Eagle processor takes us into uncharted computational territory. This device embodies several important advances in our approach to hardware design, and marks a crucial stage in our climb toward quantum advantage.
Founded in 1911 as the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company (CTR), the company was renamed “International Business Machines” (IBM) in 1924.
EeroQ is a New York and Lansing, Michigan-based leader (with plans to move its headquarters to The Terminal in Chicago, Illinois) in the field of quantum hardware, building a universal quantum computer using electrons on helium (eHe).
Founded in 2016 by Professor Stephen Lyon, Professor Johannes Pollanen, Faye Wattleton, Nick Farina, and Dave Ferguson, at the heart of EeroQ’s technology is the trapping and control of individual electrons floating above pools of superfluid helium. These electrons form the qubits of its quantum computer, and the purity of the superfluid helium protects the intrinsic quantum properties of each electron. EeroQ’s ultimate goal is to build a large-scale quantum computer based on quantum magnetic (spin) state of these trapped electrons.
8. Rigetti Computing
Fresh off closing a SPAC deal to debut on the NYSE, Rigetti Computing (Nasdaq: RGTI) is building the world’s most powerful computers to help solve humanity’s most pressing and important problems. These systems will perform computations that today’s fastest supercomputers are incapable of — unlocking entirely new classes of problems and offering a direct path to solutions. Rigetti believes quantum computing is going to significantly affect health care, how we treat disease, how we generate energy, and how we feed humanity. Our superconducting quantum computing systems are available over the cloud via Rigetti Quantum Cloud Services.
Founded in 2013 by Chad Rigetti, the company is located in Berkeley and Fremont, California.
9. Quantum Computing Inc (QCI)
Quantum Computing Inc (QCI) (Nasdaq:QUBT) is a publicly-traded cloud-based quantum software vendor, offering ready-to-run software for complex constrained optimization computations. The company’s flagship software solution, Qatalyst, is the industry’s only quantum application accelerator, empowering today’s Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) and programmers to immediately leverage the power of quantum techniques for faster, better and more diverse solutions, with no need for quantum expertise or training.
Based in Leesburg, Virginia, QCI was founded in 2018 by leaders in supercomputing, mathematics, and massively parallel programming to solve the enormous software development challenges inherent with quantum computing.
10. Nord Quantique
Nord Quantique is developing superconducting circuits that can mitigate errors on every individual qubit, providing a faster pathway to fault-tolerant quantum computing.
Based in Sherbrooke, Québec, Nord Quantique was founded in 2020 by Julien Camirand Lemyre and Philippe St-Jean.
A Berkeley, California-based startup founded in 2017 by Alexei Marchenkov, Bleximo is building full-stack superconducting application-specific systems. Its core thesis is that integrated solutions, with a focus on the unique challenges of each high-value practical problem, will offer a competitive advantage to its customers.
The ability to co-design processors, software and control stack in one product development process is our strategic differentiator: everything from the fundamental physics of superconducting technology to the dynamics of the software in a deployed system is considered in an integrated way. With state-of-the-art coherence times, its superconducting processor technology provides the foundation for building the most advanced systems on the market.
IQM is a Pan-European leader in quantum computers, headquartered in Espoo, Finland.
Founded in 2018 by Dr. Kuan Yen Tan, Dr. Jan Goetz, Professor Mikko Möttönen, and Dr. Juha Vartiainen, IQM delivers on-premises quantum computers for research laboratories and supercomputing centres and provides complete access to its hardware.
For industrial customers, IQM delivers quantum advantage through a unique application-specific co-design approach.
The final superconducting player on today’s list and another behemoth on the global tech scene, Fujitsu is a Japanese multinational information and communications technology equipment and services corporation, established in 1935 and headquartered in Tokyo.
In April 2021 Fujitsu signed an agreement with RIKEN, a scientific research institute in Japan to open the “RIKEN RQC-Fujitsu Collaboration Center” to promote joint research and development of foundational technologies to put superconducting quantum computers into practical use. The collaboration will ultimately develop hardware and software technologies to realize a quantum computer with as many as 1000 qubits.