An international team of scientists led by Xanadu’s research team will present a blueprint to a scalable, fault-tolerant photonic quantum computer at the APS March Meeting on March 14. The team suggests this new architecture may offer advantages that will make photonic-based approaches superior to other quantum computing modalities.
According to the abstract, the team reports that the architecture is centered on “Gottesman-Kitaev-Preskill bosonic qubits and squeezed states of light, stitched together into a qubit cluster state with one time and two spatial dimensions.”
The approach generates and manipulates a 3D resource state for fault-tolerant, measurement-based quantum computation by combining state-of-the-art procedures for the preparation of bosonic qubits, according to the researchers. They added that the strengths of continuous-variable quantum computation are performed using easy-to-generate squeezed states.
The team reports on several advantages. Because the integrated photonic chips are modular and easy to network, the design is scalable.
They report: “Moreover, the architecture is based on modular, easy-to-network integrated photonic chips, opening the door to scalable fabrication and operation, which may in turn allow photonics to leap-frog other platforms on the path to a quantum computer with millions of qubits.”
The researchers will also discuss improvements to the stitching component that could improve the odds creating a useful quantum computer.
The team includes Ilan Tzitrin and Eli Bourassa, both of Xanadu; Rafael N Alexander, University of New Mexico; Michael Vasmer, Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics — Institute for Quantum Computing; Ashlesha Patil, Saikat Guha, Guillaume Dauphinais, Kirshna Kumar, Sabapathy Daiqin Su and Ish Dhand, all of the University of Arizona; Takaya Matsuura, The University of Tokyo; Ben Q Baragiola and Nicolas Menicucci.
The Ontario Graduate Scholarship, the Lachlan Gilchrist Fellowship, Mitacs and the Ontario Graduate Scholarship supported the work.
The American Physical Society (APS) is a nonprofit membership organization that advances physics through research journals, scientific meetings, and education, outreach, advocacy and international activities. The society represents more than 50,000 members.